The Fate of the Unevangelized

In the video presentation below Dr. Flowers unpacks the various theories regarding the fate of the unevangelized while debunking the idea that this is a black and white divide between Calvinistic and non-Calvinistic scholars. In other words, there are even Calvinistic scholars (and confessional statements) that take a more inclusivistic approach regarding those who are unable to hear the specific news about Jesus. The slides for the presentation are also provided in the link below the video.


Slide presentation on: The Fate of the Unevangelized: Pluralism, Exclusivism, Inclusivism, Restrictivism and Calvinism

More on this topic is discussed here:

4 thoughts on “The Fate of the Unevangelized

  1. Inviting all commentators to the adult table!

    Remember, many that God will include in His heaven may have believed in a coming savior…. but not specifically the name of Jesus.


    1. Indeed, foh, they would have looked for a city whose builder and maker is God. Heb 11. Could some have known nothing of a coming Savior? They may have only humbly trusted in the truth of God they saw revealed in nature and conscience.

      If ultimately suppressing the truth revealed in nature and conscience is enough to damn us then wouldn’t it stand to reason that humbly receiving that truth, by faith, would be enough for God to impute the cross and righteousness of Christ to their account?

      Isa 57:15.

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Thanks for tackling these questions, Leighton. I appreciate your willingness to endure the false charges for the sake of helpful interaction and sound doctrine. Your podcast gives me plenty of good company while driving around for work. I’d love to hear what Adam Harwood and Dave Allen might have to say on the question of the unreached.

    Looking for that Blessed Hope…



  3. After listening and reading the back and forth from Leighton and the guys at Poopit & Pen, I can see how Leighton has been mis-represented (and purposely maligned in my opinion). There are things about Billy Graham that he did which I personally disagree with, like chumming up to the Roman Catholic Church instead of rejecting that organisation as un-biblical and false. I am sure there are things about Billy Graham that Leighton disagrees with as well, as he even admits. But that is another issue for another day. Nonetheless my heart goes out to the Graham family during a difficult time.

    Everyone one of us whether Calvinist or Non-Calvinist has to deal with the issue of “those who never hear the gospel”. The silence on the comments here tell me that this is something that everybody thinks about and tries to get their head around.

    My stance on this is somewhat similar to Lieghtons in that everyone has been given well and truly enough revelation from God to be able to seek after him and find him. Call it “Good News” “The Gospel” “God’s Revelation of himself”. And yes it all hinges on the gospel (Good News) of Jesus Christ atoning for the sin of the world to make this possible.

    The Calvinist would say that general revelation is not enough…….and I would agree without the work of Christ and Christ cross it isn’t. But with the work of Christ and the cross it is. I also believe general revelation or “enough light” doesn’t come through any religion such as Buddhism or Hinduism or any other false religion.

    The light of the gospel comes by Jesus Christ and since He is God the Son equal with God the Father, any light comes from Him. What would be the point of ‘general revelation’ or ‘light’ if you need ‘special revelation’ to even realize that there is ‘general revelation’ or ‘light’? It wouldn’t make sense, therefore general revelation and light has a purpose.

    I’ll just believe by faith that everyone who stands before the Lord in judgement will be judged for not believing in what they could have believed in – The Gospel (Good News)

    I’ll just agree agree with the apostle Paul – “So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world”

    The Calvinist would be quick to point a finger at this stage I would think, and would accuse me of saying you can be saved without the gospel. But again I will just agree with the apostle Paul that everyone will hear the gospel (Good News) – “But they have not all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?”

    Then I will throw the beautiful verse back at the Calvinist, the one they always throw at me to try and describe Calvin’s “secret decree” of salvation………which it doesn’t.

    “O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!”

    “And how shall they preach, except they be sent? as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things!”

    Sometimes I can’t get my head around how the Lord gets the gospel to the lost, but I am 100% confident he does.


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