Why Both Atheists and Christians Need to Believe in Free Will

By Justin Brierley

Someone I know (let’s call him Joe) recently owned up to an embarrassing incident during his time at Bible college.

Another student there (let’s call him Trevor) was a confirmed Calvinist, who believed that everything in life had been predestined by God – from eternal salvation to the colour of the socks he’d put on that morning. In fact, such was his love of John Calvin that he even kept a plaster-of-Paris bust of the Reformer in his bedroom.

Joe frequently got into disputes with Trevor. Joe believed that God gives us freedom to choose or reject him and that Calvin was wrong about predestination.

On one occasion they got into such a heated argument that, in a fit of frustration, Joe grabbed the bust of Calvin and smashed it to smithereens over Trevor’s head…fortunately no lasting harm was done (except to John Calvin).

When Joe told me this frankly hilarious story, I couldn’t resist suggesting a plausible excuse he should have given Trevor: “It wasn’t my fault. I was predestined to do it!”

Christian determinism 

Calvin may have written his theology 500 years ago, but his thoughts continue to influence much of the Church today.

Calvin was a key figure of the Reformation, alongside Martin Luther, the monk who rediscovered the truth that salvation was a free gift of God’s grace without need of any efforts on our part. But Calvin took that thought a whole lot further.

If God’s grace alone is sufficient for salvation, then we must have played no part in it at all. God chose us, we did not choose him. In Calvin’s mind, God had predestined those who will be saved and those who will be damned. The lynchpin for this view was contained in Romans: “For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son” (8:29).

According to many Calvinist theologians, the Bible also testifies to God’s total and meticulous control of every aspect of life. Whatever influence humans think they may have over their destinies, in reality God is the one who has planned it all out from the beginning. As Calvin himself wrote in The Institutes: “Creatures are so governed by the secret counsel of God, that nothing happens but what he has knowingly and willingly decreed.”

Has God predetermined every thought in every heart?

This perspective amounts to a ‘deterministic’ view of reality. The world is the way it is and could be none other, because God has predetermined every atom and every thought of every heart. In such a universe, human free will is an illusion. We are all playing our designated parts in a script that was written before the world began. To Calvinists this is a testament to God’s glory. To others it looks like the work of a puppet master. Like an impossible optical illusion, the puzzle of free will can be confusing for many Christians. But they aren’t alone.

Atheist determinism 

Calvinistic Christians have more in common with many atheists than they may realise. Determinism has also become a very popular philosophy among their godless counterparts. For some time, prominent voices in atheist circles have also been announcing that the notion of free will is past its sellby date.

Popular atheist author Sam Harris wrote a book titled Free will (Free Press) which, drawing on research in neuroscience, argued that our innate sense of freedom is merely an illusion foisted on us by nature. None of us is actually in control of what we do. So far so Calvinist. But rather than believing God has predestined us, atheists like Harris say the universe is responsible.

Atheist determinism springs from a ‘materialist’ worldview. All that exists is the ‘material’ stuff of the universe. Everything about us and the world we live in can ultimately be explained by the physics of atoms, electrons, quarks and neutrons, interacting according to the predictable regularity of natural laws.

Think of it like this: the skill of the snooker player is in predicting as accurately as possible how the balls will ricochet off each other in order to find the pockets on the table. But, theoretically, if a snooker player lined up their very first shot with perfect precision and perfect force, they could clear the table in one shot. The universe is like that, but on a much bigger scale.

Every single physical event, from the movements of electrons to the orbits of the planets, follows predictable laws of cause and effect. Therefore, the way the universe is now is a direct result of the way it was when it first began. If you rewound the clock by 13 billion years to the exact same physical state of affairs, things would roll out in exactly the same way they already have.

But, in such a universe, the idea that we have any measure of free will evaporates. Every aspect of our existence was predestined by a cosmos blindly following the laws of cause and effect.

Unbelievable? presents: The Big Conversation

Are we determined to behave well?

In this excerpt of their dialogue, atheist philosopher Daniel Dennett (DD) and Christian philosopher Keith Ward (KW) talk to Justin Brierley (JB) about whether or not we have free will

DD: I assume that you’ve been raised to be a moral and non-violent man Keith?

KW: Non-violent, yes (smiles).

DD: If I were to hand you a gun right now and suggest “why don’t you shoot Justin in the arm?” just to prove you have free will, would you?

KW: I might surprise you!

DD: You might, but you won’t! And you won’t because you know better. I bet very, very large sums of money you’re not going to do it and it’s going to be a free choice, but you’d better hope that it’s not an undetermined choice because if it were then you might suddenly find yourself doing it, in spite of all of your previous experience.

KW: Ah…my view is not that you would find yourself doing it, but that you could decide to do it, which is very different.

DD: Well, who is the ‘you’ that’s doing the deciding?

KW: But I’ve got a ‘you’. You’ve just got a brain! The subject self which I’ve got is the soul. In Christian terms it is also an agent self, so it decides between courses of action. So, it is not determined by its past behaviour – I would not actually shoot Justin – but there are things that I would do to Justin if you asked me to.

JB: I’m starting to feel a bit worried here…But seriously Keith, when Dan talks about your moral upbringing, you say those things don’t determine your actions, even if they strongly influence the way you lead your life?

KW: That’s true. But, nevertheless, there are tipping points and when people are put in crisis situations they can act out of character.

JB: So Dan, Keith says he could still do otherwise.

DD: Yes, and if he did otherwise, we’d want to know what determined him to do otherwise.

KW: I’d say I just decided.

The Big Conversation is a video series featuring world class thinkers across the Christian and atheist communities. For the full debate, further videos, bonus content and the Unbelievable? newsletter visit thebigconversation.show

Dennett’s determinism 

One proponent of the deterministic view of the universe is Daniel Dennett. Alongside Harris, he is one of the so-called ‘four horsemen of the New Atheism’ (Richard Dawkins and the late Christopher Hitchens made up the other half). Dennett, however, disagrees with Harris over whether determinism delivers a death blow to the concept of free will (rather like Trevor and Joe, they’ve also had some vitriolic arguments about it). As a ‘compatibilist’, Dennett claims that we are still free in a meaningful sense, as long as we are not being forced to act against our own will by anybody else.

When he appeared on an episode of The Big Conversation to discuss these matters with Christian philosopher Keith Ward, Dennett dismissed the problems raised by determinism as “uninteresting questions”. But they certainly interested Keith Ward, who insists that even the compatibilist version of freedom is hopelessly misguided if a deterministic universe has wired all our thoughts, desires and choices to begin with.

A God of love only makes sense if he has given us the ability to freely choose or reject him

In contrast, as a ‘libertarian’, Ward believes that humans are truly free creatures with the genuine ability to choose alternative outcomes in the future. That we are neither subject to a puppet-master God nor a puppet-master universe matters a great deal.

…To Continue Reading

41 thoughts on “Why Both Atheists and Christians Need to Believe in Free Will

  1. Ah yes, Determinism.

    We persistent non-Calvinists (former-Calvinists) were determined to be this way!

    Every biblical (or philosophical) argument we bring to the discussion was pre-determined by God! That’s comforting!

  2. God has superordinate responsibility for everything that happens and “sticks” as a corollary of his power, awareness, and occasional willingness to intervene.

    Given this, a Creator can let his creation drift “free-from-him” in a meaningful teleological way by setting things up to be chaotic. Even under determinism, chaotic patterns like nonlinearity and interference jumble things up. Thus creation starts to “do its own thing” as long as the creator doesn’t intervene. Still foreknown, still a deterministic outplaying, but the details aren’t micromanaged.

    Imagine it like God wants to make smoothie that isn’t too pulverized but also doesn’t have chunks of ice. Yet he also does not want to micromanage it. A way he can do this is limit himself to using the blender buttons. Even though he micromanages the starting state, limiting himself to the buttons is an extreme “state limiter” — the vast, vast majority of conceivable smoothie states are inaccessible in this manner. So even though he’s omni, he has an available method to “otherize” his creations.

    Under Christianity, God is not Deistic; he does intervene. But even in Scripture there are only a few dozen obvious miracles, divided by a span of millenia. I suspect theodicy is a non-starter without the assumption that though it pains God, he has a heavy, heavy interest in nonintervention to serve a more “corporate” sense of freedom across creation broadly. He did not direct the film “Cats” but nor did he quiet Vesuvius. We are largely left to ride our own bike, with God catching us in the end.

    Lorenzian chaos is the most elegant way to reconcile the foreknowledge of God with the fact that God only predestines within a *subset* of that foreknowledge. Predestination requires special havens & eddies against the pull of chaos, a deliberate feature of Creation. Chaos explains where freedom comes from, and is the means by which God made genuine “others” to love. Even under determinism.

    This also means that we can talk both synergistically and monergistically about our cooperation with God yet subordination to his plan and will. But we’d most naturally, and commonly, speak synergistically, especially given our human epistemic scope. And lo and behold! This is what Scripture does.

    1. Stanrock
      Under Christianity, God is not Deistic; he does intervene.

      Intervene in that which is infallibly decreed at the foundation of the world to come to pass?

      That is an aberrant and misleading use of the word “Intervene”

      Is he arm-wrestling with himself?

      As John Calvin explains:
      There is no such thing as MERE PERMISSION in Calvinism.
      Calvin’s god does not MERELY PERMIT anything

      John Calvin explains
      The creatures…are so governed by the secret counsel of God, that *NOTHING* happens but what he has knowingly and willingly decreed. (Institutes, book 1, XVI)

      Therefore – the only events which can possibly happen – are events which are 100% meticulously programmed with a divine script which cannot be “altered” from that which was infallibly decreed.

      There is no LOGICAL problem with him “Intervening” in himself.

      – Logically prior to the decree – he has the ability to decree [X] to be either TRUE or FALSE.
      – In order for [X] to be TRUE he would have to decree [X] to be TRUE
      – He can “Intervene” in making [X] TRUE – by “intervening” in his decree
      – He can STOP himself from decreeing [X] to be TRUE and instead decree [X] to be FALSE.

      There is no LOGICAL problem with him decreeing the human mind to have FALSE PERCEPTIONS of events which he decrees. – making the human mind PERCEIVE those events *AS-IF* they were NOT PREDESTINED.

      As matter of fact – decreeing Calvinists to have FALSE PERCEPTIONS of reality – is a considerable portion of what he does in fact decree for Calvinists.

      1. Hello Stanrock – I hope this finds you well!

        I don’t see how the term “decree” is a term that doesn’t have a commonly understood meaning.

        For the Theological Determinist (aka Calvinist) the terms: decree, establish, ordain, make come to pass, bring about, and determine, are all pretty much synonymous.

        Of course – that which separates Calvinistic Determinism from Natural Determinism – is fact that every event and movement of nature is endowed with the attribute of infallibility – which is not an attribute of Nature.

        Nature also is not a sentient entity.
        It doesn’t have the attribute of “taking pleasure” in something.
        For example – creating creatures specifically for eternal torment in a lake of fire – for the sake of deriving some kind of pleasure.


  3. From the article:
    Another student there (let’s call him Trevor) was a confirmed Calvinist, who believed that everything in life had been predestined by God.

    The problem with this is that the Calvinist practice is to
    1) ASSERT the doctrine of decrees is TRUE.
    2) The doctrine of decrees stipulates that WHATSOEVER comes to pass has been predestined by god.
    3) But the Calvinist is to go about his office *AS-IF* the doctrine of decrees is FALSE.

    John Calvin explains:
    “Hence as to future time, because the issue of all things is hidden from us, each ought to so to apply himself to his office, *AS-IF* nothing were determined about any part.” (Concerning the eternal predestination of god)

    Here Calvin is treating the doctrine of decrees *AS-IF* it is FALSE because the doctrine specifically stipulates that EVERYTHING without exception is determined in EVERY part.

    John Calvin
    “All future things being uncertain to us, we hold them in suspense, *AS-IF* they might happen either one way or another.” (Institutes Vol. i. p.193)

    Here Calvin is treating the doctrine of decrees *AS-IF* it is FALSE because a PREDESTINED event by definition – can only happen the way it is PREDESTINED to happen.

    Why is the Calvinist ASSERT a doctrine and then treat that doctrine *AS-IF* it is FALSE?

    Who would want to walk around live – assuming EVERY impulse that comes to pass within his brain was DETERMINED by a mind external to his mind – who DETERMINES his mind to have FALSE PERCEPTIONS which because they are infallibly decreed – his brain is not given the ability to discern as FALSE?

    The Determinist – whether Atheist or Theist (aka Calvinists) is forced to live *AS-IF* his belief system is FALSE – in order to retain a sense of NORMALCY and PERSON-HOOD.

  4. From the article; “That we are neither subject to a puppet-master God nor a puppet-master universe matters a great deal.” Amen it does!

    So clear the belief in determinism matters-good article!!! To me no matter if I’m acting on my greatest desire or not my nature is from God who determined it, so if true freedom not a capitalistic freedom does not exist… then much of the Bible is superfluous and that to me is the biggest lie ever to permeate Christianity and such a shame!!! Though there are other things man tries to add or subtract yet as it has been stated on this site – calvinism is very very clever indeed!! yet if presented in its logical conclusion it’s horrible i mean horrible news!!! Therefore I’ve rejected it since the moment i was introduced to it with much zeal! Because the God Who rescued me is not this monster of 2 wills in disguise He is Holy and set apart He is beyond our understanding of time which by the way He created!

    1. It is critical to remember that Calvinism is all about misleading people with word games
      Calvinists are SEMANTIC MAGICIANS
      Calvinist language is designed to create FALSE PICTURES

      In the case – the Calvinist calls a desire or a want “YOUR greatest desire” or “YOUR” greatest want” is strategically misleading language.

      When new tires are put on a car – It can be said:
      “THAT car has new tires”
      “Look at THE CAR’S new tires”

      1) But did those tires ORIGINATE with the car?
      2) Did the car create the tires?
      3) Did the car decide to put those new tires on itself?
      4) Can a car have OWNERSHIP of the tires that are put on it?
      5) Is anything which comes to pass concerning the care UP TO the car?

      And yet – in our language – we say – those tires are “THE CARS tires” – exactly the same way the Calvinist says those wants and desires are YOUR greatest wants and desires.

      The Calvinist is using a language pattern to mislead you.

      In what sense are they YOUR desire or YOUR want?
      In Calvinism – they are YOUR desire and YOUR want – in the same exact sense that the tires are “THE CARS” tires.

      They are only YOUR desires and YOUR wants – because Calvin’s god put them on you.
      The same way someone puts tires on a car.

      So the TRUTH in Calvinism is – you cannot have a want or a desire that you can call your own.

      Every want and desire that comes to pass within your brain – is actually Calvin’s god’s want and Calvin’s god’s desire – which he determined to PUT IN YOU by a decree.

      Those wants and desires are not YOUR wants and desires – any more than the tires on a car are THE CARS tires.

      1. Br..d “Every want and desire that comes to pass within your brain – is actually Calvin’s god’s want and Calvin’s god’s desire – which he determined to PUT IN YOU by a decree.”

        Agreed and to me it is such a horrible twisted mask of the truth in Scripture and yet some find comfort in it… I’m sure i don’t love lost people more than the Creator of the universe yet if i every believed the One true God was this deterministic mask wearing Holy God there would be not only NO HOPE life would truly be meaningless!!! But i trust this is a false perspective read into the text to micromanage the One true God and everyone has faith in something. It’s not over until it is over, so thank you all for speaking up🌻

      2. Well said Reggie!

        But I find Calvinists – although they claim they do – they really don’t find comfort in the doctrine they claim to embrace.

        The one’s who claim they find comfort in the doctrine – remind me of the girl whose boy-friend is beating her – and she blames herself for his actions and insists the love he has for her is normal and healthy.

        The way the Calvinist learns to live with the doctrine is by asserting it as TRUE – while living *AS-IF* it is FALSE.

        Take for example – Calvinism’s interpretation of the Wheat and the Chaff.

        1) Calvin’s god at the foundation of the world – determines each individual’s fate
        2) Out of the total human population – MANY are created / designed as vessels of wrath – and FEW are created/designed as vessels of honor.
        3) Within the Calvinist population – MANY are created / designed to be CHAFF – and FEW are created /designed to be Wheat
        4) The divine choice made concerning what each Calvinist is created / designed for – is a divine SECRET that only Calvin’s god knows.

        Therefore the doctrine contains – the divine deception of the believer

        John Calvin
        But the Lord….INSTILLS INTO THEIR MINDS such A SENSE of his goodness as can be felt WITHOUT the Spirit of adoption. (Institutes 3.2.11)

        …. those whom he illumines ONLY FOR A TIME to partake of it; then he justly forsakes them…..and
        strikes them with even greater blindness (Institutes 3.2.11)

        We must thus consider both God’s SECRET election and his INNER call. For he alone “knows who are his” (Institutes. IV. 1. 2.)

        No Calvinist takes comfort in the thought that his god has gives him promises in scripture – and those promises are only an ENUNCIATED WILL – and exact the SECRET WILL in all probability is the opposite.

        No Calvinist takes comfort in the thought that his god is planting FALSE PERCEPTIONS of salvation in his brain – throughout his life – in order to deceive him – and he will eventually wake up in a lake of fire.

        The only way the Calvinist can live with the EVIL component of the doctrine is to treat the doctrine *AS-IF* it is FALSE.

        So Calvinists are lying to themselves when they try to tell people they find comfort in their doctrine

        Very sad!!!

        But you have a TRUE assurance of salvation – because you don’t have a God who is a deceiver.


      3. Reggie: “…there would be not only NO HOPE life would truly be meaningless!!!”

        I totally agree. And personally, I think that atheism (having no God) would actually be preferrable to having a Calvinist god. Because the duplicity of the Calvinist god makes him deceptive, untrustworthy, unjust, unloving, and the cause of all evil while punishing people for it. I think it would be worse to have a Calvinist god than no God at all.

        But, thank the true God of heaven, those aren’t the only options. There is the God of the Bible who is trustworthy, consistent, honest, and makes sense, who does not cause or desire evil, who is truly just and holy and righteous, who does not give fake offers to people but real offers of forgiveness and grace that anyone can accept, who loves all and wants all to be saved, and who has made salvation available to all by dying on the cross for all of our sins.

        That is the God I worship and love. That is the God who is worthy of glory, honor, praise, and our undying devotion.

        The Calvinist god can’t hold a candle to the true God of the Bible.

      4. Heather – both you and Reggie are wonderful blessings! :-]


      5. Thank you, Br.d. You too are a blessing! I am thankful for all you do here. 🙂

      6. What I find interesting. Either Calvinism is true, or it isn’t.

        If True:

        Every comment on this discussion board, down to every word, response and typo, was authored by God. So God is arguing with Himself, through His creation. That in and of itself doesn’t make sense and is confusing. Which would mean God IS the author of confusion. Which then makes Him a liar because His Word says He IS NOT the author of confusion AND ALSO says He cannot lie. So then if God is a liar, we can’t really trust anything He does say in His Word, but even if we trust it or not He determined whether we would trust it or not. He is even making me type this right now, and it either IS true about Him, which would mean He is a liar, or it isn’t True about Him, which would STILL make Him a liar. To prove this, I will state “Calvinism isn’t true”. If Calvinism is true God made me write that, and it is a lie, meaning God lied, reinforced by He said in His Word He cannot lie, which would also be a lie. But if Calvinism isn’t true, God didn’t make me write that, and I am just stating a fact derived from my own discernment, which would be a better discernment than a Calvinist because I have discerned the truth while they have not.

        So either God is a liar, or Calvinism is false.

      7. Yes!
        Very logical!

        And that is the rub for every serious Calvinist.
        He wants to assert his doctrine is TRUE
        But he needs to treat his doctrine *AS-IF* it is FALSE – in order to retain any sense of human NORMALCY and human PERSON-HOOD.

        But don’t expect him to acknowledge that! :-]

    1. Welcome Kay! Yes, salvation is not for androids, but for humans created in God’s image, which includes free will.

    2. Hello Kay – good comment!

      In Calvinism – If a person is NOT created to be a vessel of wrath – then there is nothing for that person to be saved FROM

      Of course the Calvinist is a WORD CONTORTION ARTIST

      He’s going to claim he has “Free Will”
      He’s going to claim he is granted the function of “CHOICE”

      But like so many things in Calvinism – what he has is a DISTORTED version of “Free Will”

      One of the clues to understand Calvinism is not Biblical – Calvinism’s reliance upon deceptive language.

      For example – the Calvinist will insist he has the function of “CHOICE”

      But in order to claim to have a “CHOICE” he has to DISTORT the meaning of the word.

      If you look at any number of dictionaries – the word “CHOICE” always contains a NECESSARY CONDITION of more than one option from which to select – in order to constitute what people understand as a “CHOICE”.

      When a person says he had “NO CHOICE” in a given matter – what he is indicating is that he had only one option.

      Calvinism entails a 100% meticulously predestined world.

      So for every human event and every human impulse – there is never granted more than ONE SINGLE PREDESTINED RENDERED-CERTAIN option.

      If you were created to be a vessel of wrath – then that is the only option granted to you.
      If it was decreed that you will rape and murder elementary school children – then that is the only option granted to you.

  5. New here, I have found this site to be a blessing. Thank you. After reading many of the back and forth between Calv/Non-Calv, I have a long list of thoughts to share, but since my typing skills stink, it would take me a week to share, so I have boiled down my thoughts to this……….

    To the Calvinist…IF, that is IF, you are correct in your interpretation of scripture, then the lost have lost NOTHING. Can’t lose what has been withheld.
    And those who put their trust in Jesus, risen Son of God, really don’t need your teaching. because we are “elect”

    However, if your interpretation of scripture, derived from Teflon John Calvin is wrong, the future for you is sketchy at best, not only for you, but for all of those who have been led astray by your false teaching. Take some time to think this thru the tulips.

    When I first learned about Calvinism, I became angry, but as I read more about this theology, I’m grieved and saddened by it.

    I will leave with this from Jude 24,25… Now to Him who is able to keep you from stumbling, and to present you faultless before the presence of His glory with exceeding joy, to God our Savior, Who alone is wise, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and forever. Amen.

    1. Hello Shawn and welcome

      IF, you are correct in your interpretation of scripture, then the lost have lost NOTHING. Can’t lose what has been withheld.

      Yes! Well said!

      That is logically valid.

      Since in Calvinism – at the foundation of the world – before creatures are created – the MANY are specifically created for eternal torment in a lake of fire – for his good pleasure – it follows – they were never granted anything that one can be LOST from.

      And this is why LOGICAL people who look at Calvinism – recognize it as a DOUBLE-MINDED self-refuting belief system

    2. Hello Shawn O, and welcome.

      You made some good points. And I understand when you said “When I first learned about Calvinism, I became angry, but as I read more about this theology, I’m grieved and saddened by it.”

      For me, when I first learned about it way back in the 90’s (it was introduced into our church’s youth group, by none other than my mother), I thought, “Well, if that’s the way it is, then I guess I have to accept it. Besides, He’s God and can do whatever He wants with His creation.”

      But I went no further into Calvinism than that and never thought about it at all.

      But then a Calvinist pastor took over our non-Calvinist church in 2013, and his views and use of Scripture confused me. And then when I researched it more deeply, comparing it all to what the Bible plainly, clearly says, I became more and more alarmed. But I was still hopeful that others would see the errors too, because they were clear to me. (I was naive to the hold Calvinism has on people and the effectiveness of Calvinist manipulation and word games and Scripture twisting.)

      But as time went on, the church got more and more Calvinistic under his preaching, and almost no one else besides me and my husband was alarmed by the twisted things he said, such as that God doesn’t love everyone, that “the world” means “the cosmos” in John 3:16, that it’s impossible to seek God (even though He commands us to), that God wanted/”ordained” the Fall, and that God “ordains” childhood abuse for His glory, etc. And while the congregation called out “Yeah” and “That’s right” and “Amen!”, my heart utterly broke. (And when he said that about childhood abuse, I knew we were done with that man and that church!)

      Calvinism grieves and saddens me too. And it never ceases to amaze me how many well-meaning Christians swallow it hook, line, and sinker. It’s tragic. But it’s good to see you here, another person willing to see it for what it is and to stand up against it. It’ll take a grassroots effort to expose it and counter it because so many big-name theologians are Calvinist and are taking over the churches. It’s David vs. Goliath. God bless!

      1. Hey Heather,

        I didn’t learn Calvinism in church, but because of the multiple spiritual abuse blogs that kept popping up virtually at the same time, where the leadership was being very controlling on people’s lives. It seemed very cult like. That’s when I began to get serious and study them out.

        I couldn’t believe what I was learning. I’d never in my life thought that anything like this was even possible in a Christian sect. It angered me as well. It angered me even more that they would even defend it, justifying abuse.

        Over time, I began reading those who had strength to fight back, not just leave, but fight back.

        Those who fought back, tho, still held onto calvinist doctrine; they just thought it was being taught too harshly, i.e., Driscoll. And there were many of his type.

        But the fact that they still believed in calvinism confused me. The hold that a cult has on people is strong.

        How do you convince them that their doctrines are the problem?

        Then, get this, I learned that Baptist churches, generally the Southern Baptist genre, had both calvinists and non calvinists in there congregation, and the non calvinists consider the calvinists as BROTHERS IN CHRIST.

        OMG, I couldn’t believe what I was hearing on that. Why would they do that? Can you imagine Mormons and Jehovah’s Witnesses in the same church?

        Then I learned of the stealth way that calvinist preachers incorporate calvinism into a traditional non calvinist church, and I saw that as extremely deceptive. If their doctrines aren’t evil enough, they are being evil just bringing it with deception, where people don’t even realize it… not even the well seasoned elders… until it’s too late.

        Then I learned of the ones who got out of that cult… but…

        They didn’t give up everything Calvin. The first that I realized this, was both have a very hard line view of Matthew 18, titling it “CHURCH DISCIPLINE”.

        THAT’S when I began questioning both sides… and who are the both sides?

        Well, in the world of debate on this, there seems to be only a two options…maybe three.

        They are:
        1. Arminian, which I call Artesian
        2. Pala… whatever that word is, which I call Pelican, and
        3. Semi-pelican.

        I’m like, what is that all about? Just those? They, and Calvinism all use similar terminology that I never heard of before studying calvinism.

        Before I heard of those three choices, my aim was to discredit Calvin’s doctrines, which, to me, was easy. But those other opposing sects all had similar beliefs that calvinists already have. That was strange to me, and I found out that I don’t believe in any of their doctrines at all. None.

        They all have predestination doctrines, and grace doctrines, just a different definition, different method.

        I don’t come from a Catholic background. I also don’t come from a Luther background, either. I don’t consider myself a protestant, because in my view, that’s someone protesting the Catholic church. To me, that means that they’d still be Catholic, if…, fill in blank. They still hold lots of Catholic doctrine in high regard, hence what they call, “Church Fathers”. I’m like, “Riiiiiiiigggggghhhhttt, the same church fathers that think Peter was a pope in Rome, and didn’t want the peasant to have a Bible, then taking credit for putting staples on a collection of epistles that were already in copied circulation.

        So…long story, I know, but…

        Calvinism, and their opposing sects, all have Catholicism in common.

        I don’t buy off on Catholicism.

        The most common thing that all those sects teach is the doctrine of original sin.

        That (ORIGINAL SIN) is CENTRAL to everything they all teach, regarding all of them in each of their doctrines of grace, and predestination.

        In short, they are all wrong, because debunking ORIGINAL SIN is easy for me.

        And Romans 5, their main reference, is easy to find their mistake, which they thinks supports the doctrine.

        My first clue was that no one, and I mean no one, discusses verse 13. They start with verse 12, SKIP 13, then continue with 14-19.

        But then I move to 1 Cor 15:42-46, then back to both trees in the garden, and the title, the significance of each title, and that God never told Adam about the tree of life at all, but only told him of the Tree of KNOWLEDGE of good and evil.

        There’s much more, but I need to stop there.

        I’m independent, non denom, not beholden to any denomination. And that is what I prefer, because I can find fault in all “denominations”. I don’t believe in the “WE Believe” statements, or “corporate” creeds.

        I want to make up my own mind based on my study. Not the study of another…especially of those some 600 years ago.

        Ed Chapman

      2. Ed, you’ve been on quite a journey, looking for biblical truth. That’s good. Most people let some pastor spoon-feed them what to think.

        You said Calvinism and opposing sects have Catholicism in common. Have you ever watched Kevin from Beyond the Fundamentals? He says Calvinism and Arminianism are basically two sides of the same coin. I haven’t watched those videos yet (my husband has and told me about it) so I am not sure where he is coming from on this, but it’s something to consider.

        It’s eye-opening to look into some of the churchy things we take for granted.


      3. Heather,

        Two sides of the same coin… yes, exactly. I could not have said it better than that.

        Calvinism came first. Arminianism came about as the alternative view of the same coin, hence the two doctrines of grace. Calvin’s Irresistable vs. Arminian’s Preveniant.

        Get rid of Original Sin, however, and that voids both sides.

        Ed Chapman

  6. Well, I’m neither one but I’d lean Arminian no way Calvanism, I try to follow the Bible and what it says and Jesus said He came to save the lost and that is everyone. God commanded me to repent, and I have, So I can exercise my free choice and Trust in Christ which I’ve done. I’m saved despite being a practical Sinner. Thank God for Jesus!

  7. We stand in the shadows of opinions and conjectures when truth is Gods hand is on everything that was,is,and will be. That thought is not made up it is backed up by biblically based FACTS. It is not hard for fallen man to think he plays a role in this thing called life. Because man is incapable of giving up control of their very existence. I myself tell all that will listen I’m a TULIP man. And even though scripture is clear I realize I can’t surrender up my fallenness. That’s why we are being sanctified. This process that we don’t complete until death.But I’m not foolish enough to think I can choose because if I have the will to chose even though the Bible says I don’t than why in the world would I not choose heaven. Until we can look at the entire word with bring our personal believes then we will be fooled until as John tells us The scales are removed. But God created to do his will and his will is not one of change or confusion. All this is spelled out in the pages of scripture For me I do not make conclusions based on what I wish the word to say but what it says and I do not wish to step outside those truths because in the Bible it warns us not to add or take away form the Bible. And thus I will not

    1. Welcome John! I hope you will test all your strongly held loyalties to TULIP with the Scripture. But also I hope that you realize that if you are in Christ, you are no longer identified by your flesh, and you are no longer under law, so I am not sure what you mean by “surrender up my fallenness”. We are not asked to surrender up our flesh, but to crucify it with its affections and lusts. And our true identity in Christ is no longer fallen. Right? We rejoice daily that we will be released from the influence of the flesh finally by the resurrection of our bodies!

      Consider this about TULIP – Pulling Petals Off the TULIP

      After looking at the meaning of these following clear verses as they relate to the TULIP, I would see myself as 1/2 T and 1/2 P in agreement with Calvinists. 🙂

      T – 1/2 pulled off
      Rom 11:32 For God has committed them all to disobedience, that He might have mercy on all. [The first part of this passage agrees with one aspect of Calvinism’s view of Total Depravity, but not the second part]
      John 1:9 That was the true Light which gives light to every man coming into the world.

      U – Pulled off
      Rom 9:25 As He says also in Hosea: “I will call them My people, who were not My people, And her beloved, who was not beloved.”
      Romans 8:9 NKJV — But you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. Now if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he is not His.

      L – Pulled off
      1John 2:2 And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world.
      2Pet 2:1 But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, [and] bring on themselves swift destruction.

      I – Pulled off
      Mark 7:14 When He had called all the multitude to [Himself,] He said to them, “Hear Me, everyone, and understand:”
      Heb 3:7-8 Therefore, as the Holy Spirit says: “Today, if you will hear His voice, Do not harden your hearts as in the rebellion, In the day of trial in the wilderness,”

      P – 1/2 Pulled off
      Eph 1:13-14 In Him you also [trusted,] after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory. [This passage agrees with one part of Calvinism’s view of Eternal Security, but not its rejection of carnality]
      Heb 5:12-14 For though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need [someone] to teach you again the first principles of the oracles of God; and you have come to need milk and not solid food. For everyone who partakes [only] of milk [is] unskilled in the word of righteousness, for he is a babe. But solid food belongs to those who are of full age, [that is,] those who by reason of use have their senses exercised to discern both good and evil.

    2. Hello John, I found your reply very confusing, and there are a few things I thought about replying to, but I figured I’d narrow it down to this: “For me I do not make conclusions based on what I wish the word to say but what it says and I do not wish to step outside those truths because in the Bible it warns us not to add or take away form the Bible. And thus I will not.”

      You brag that you don’t make conclusions based on what you wish the Word says, but if you cannot make choices (as you said “I’m not foolish enough to think I can choose”) then that means that the wishes you have that the Word would say something different than what it actually says are not from you (because you can’t choose to decide anything) but were planted there by God. Therefore, God “ordained” that you wished the Word would say something different than what it says, and then He “ordains” that you accept what it says (at least, what you THINK it says) instead. Why would God do that? For glory? And why are you bragging about it if you had no control over it, no ability to choose to put your wishes aside? Are you trying to steal God’s glory?

      And you say that you do not wish to step outside the truths of the Bible, that you do not add or take away from God’s Word but that you accept it as it is. I’m wondering, which of the following Calvinist beliefs do you find clearly, plainly in God’s Word? If these views are in the Bible clearly and plainly – if it is (as you call it) “what it says” – then you should be able to provide a chapter and verse (not reading into a verse something that’s not there or providing a mish-mosh of verses taken out of context).

      1. “Sovereign” means God has to predestine and control everything – every sin, every thought, every speck of dust – or else He can’t be God. (Which verse in the King James has the word “sovereign” or “soveriegnty” in it?)

      2. It’s impossible to seek God unless God causes you to do it, and He will only cause the elect to do it.

      3. “Spiritually dead” means you are “dead like a dead body and cannot do anything but lay there all dead; you are unable to want God or think about God unless God enables you to do it.”

      4. The Holy Spirit has to regenerate you before you can believe, in order to make you believe.

      5. Faith is something God implants into select people to make them believe.

      6. God only chose a few people to save but predestined the rest for hell.

      7. God only loves those He predestined to save.

      8. Jesus only died for those God predestined to save.

      9. God has two different Wills that oppose each other: a revealed Will and a hidden, unspoken Will.

      10. God has two different kinds of calls, one for the elect that they must respond to and one for the non-elect that they cannot respond to.

      11. Adam and Eve lost the right to make decisions as a result of the Fall.

      12. God ordains (which, in Calvinism, means preplanned and causes) sin, evil, and unbelief for His glory.

      13. And which verses contain the phrases “total depravity,” “unconditional election,” “limited atonement,” and “irresistible grace”? (Ironic how Calvinists complain “But ‘Accept Jesus in your heart’ is not in the Bible!”)

      14. And as my Calvinist ex-pastor once said, “We tend to have a problem with the idea that God can choose who to save and who not to save. We don’t like it. But the Bible clearly teaches it. The Bible calls it ‘the doctrine of election, the doctrine of predestination’.” Where in the Bible is the phrase “doctrine of election” or “doctrine of predestination”? He said the Bible calls it that, so it must be in there somewhere.

      Unless you can find verses that clearly and plainly say these Calvinist things (as clearly as, say, “For God so loved the world …” and “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sins of the world” and “God does not want anyone to perish but wants everyone to come to repentance” and “God does not delight in the death of the wicked”, etc.), then you might want to rethink if your Calvinist views are truly “what [the Bible] says.” Just a friendly suggestion.

    1. br.d
      The Calvinist method of reading scripture – starts with the presupposition of EXHAUSTIVE DIVINE DETERMINISM (EDD) as the most sacred divine truth. That presupposition – which has its roots in Determinism derived Augustine mixing Gnostic NeoPlatonism into his doctrine – is where the Calvinist gets his conception of “Divine Sovereignty”
      Consequently – every Calvinist claims to believe and hold to that conception of “Divine Sovereignty”
      However – the Calvinist cannot possibly live in such a way that is logically coherent with Calvinism’s doctrine of “Divine Sovereignty” – in which every impulse within his brain and body are determined by an external mind – and made to come to pass infallibly – leaving him with absolutely NO CHOICE in the matter of anything.
      Therefore – Calvinists have what is called *AS-IF* thinking.
      They hold the doctrine as TRUE
      They treat the doctrine *AS-IF* it is FALSE – in order to retain a sense of humanity – and to retain coherence with the general narrative of scripture.
      That is why Calvinist language – long ago evolved into a language of DOUBLE-SPEAK.
      And Calvinism is a DOUBLE-MINDED belief system.

      1. Br.d.: “That is why Calvinist language – long ago evolved into a language of DOUBLE-SPEAK.
        And Calvinism is a DOUBLE-MINDED belief system.”

        And we know what scripture says about double-minded men, that they are unstable in all their ways.

        And yet, Calvinists, just like their Calvi-god, live in a state of being double-minded. This ought to tell us something, especially since we know God is not the author of confusion.

  8. br.d, Heather and Everyone else
    a person recently typed on the Internet
    “Quick question:

    In your opinion, do we have free will or is it in fact, nothing more than an illusion?

    I personally see little evidence for free will but I do find it peculiar that nature would cultivate a sentience that so adamantly believes in it’s own self determination, when it is in fact a slave to causality.” How would we respond
    I just hope and pray that when we Christians ultimately pass away and go to Heaven that God Reveals to us All the Secrets of the Universe, Science, History, Physics, Philosophy, Reality, etc. and the Perfect Correct Theology, Doctrine & Interpretation of Scripture, the Bible as only He would Know. It’s so Perplexing , the size of the Bible is so overwhelming
    Many Things us Christians will Never understand, or Know in this Life,
    Most Christians simply don’t have the time or patience, energy to Read or Study the Bible in Great Detail . Their are so many different English Translations, and Many Christians don’t have the time to study Biblical Greek or Hebrew.
    jeffster , aka Jeff W ,
    Why aren’t my comments appearing

    1. br.d
      Hello Jeff
      In your opinion, do we have free will or is it in fact, nothing more than an illusion?
      Jeff – ask yourself this question:
      Is your brain granted “Freedom” to choose between TRUE and FALSE on any matter?
      The process of human discernment concerning the truth-value of any proposition – requires the human brain making a choice on the matter of whether or not that proposition is TRUE or FALSE
      Therefore – if your brain is not granted the “Freedom” to choose between TRUE and FALSE – then your brain does not have the ability to discern TRUE from FALSE on the matter of anything.
      That choice between TRUE and FALSE – *MUST* be made by *YOUR* brain – and not someone else.
      If someone else’s mind makes that choice for your brain – then *YOUR* brain did not actually make that choice.
      In such case – your brain does not have the ability to discern TRUE from FALSE on any matter.
      It order for *YOUR* brain to discern TRUE from FALSE – it *MUST* be the case that *YOUR* brain makes that choice.
      That choice – by definition is classified as a *LIBERTARIAN* choice.
      Consequently – if *LIBERTARIAN* choice does not exist – then your brain does not have the ability to discern TRUE from FALSE on any matter.
      Now the Calvinist – will claim that LIBERTARIAN choice does not exist.
      But at the same time – he automatically assumes that *HIS* brain is granted the ability to choose between TRUE and FALSE
      And he automatically assumes that that choice is *UP TO* him.
      So the Calvinist claims one thing – and lives the exact opposite.
      He claims LIBERTARIAN choice does not exist.
      But he goes throughout his day *AS-IF* his brain is constantly making LIBERTARIAN choices.
      Hope that helps!

    2. Hello Jeff,
      Yes, I believe God gave us the right and responsibility to make free-will choices, meaning that we can actually choose between various possible options. Our decisions are not preplanned by God nor caused by God, but I believe He does know ahead of time what we will decide, and so He foreknows how to work something good out of it and incorporate it into His overall plans for mankind. (He might put us in situations that force us to decide, to act out what He knows is in our hearts so that He can deal with it, but He does not force us to choose which course of action we take.)

      The Calvinist would say that God foreknows our decisions because He preplanned our decisions, and so there was no possible way we could have chosen anything else. In Calvinism, His preplanning comes first, and then we “choose” to do what He preplanned us to do.

      But I think it’s reverse, that our choosing comes first (in His foreknowledge, He knows what we will choose to do, which I’ll call “option A”), and so He foreknows how to work it into His plans. But these are real choices that we are responsible for because we could have chosen to do something else. We are not forced to do “A” because God did not preplan/cause us to do “A.” We could have chosen to do “B” instead (or “C” or “D,” etc.). And if we had, then He would’ve foreknown that we would choose “B” and would’ve found a way to work “B” into His plans instead of “A.” So whether we choose option A or option B – and whether we obey or disobey – is up to us, and God can work either one into His plans. But we have the choice – the real choice to choose among real options – and so we are responsible for what we chose and will reap the consequences.

      Personally, I think this shows what a bigger, wiser, more complex God He is than Calvinism’s god who must preplan and control everything for his plans to work out. Our God can take whatever is thrown at Him – even things He didn’t want or preplan – and still work it into His plans for good. Whereas Calvinism’s god would be dethroned if there was one rogue piece of dust floating around that He didn’t control.

      I just wrote something about this kind of thing, how Calvinists confuse foreknowledge with predetermination (and it kinda addresses the comment you quoted where the person said we are “slaves to causality”). Calvinists believe that God foreknows all things because He predetermined all things, that whatever happens is because God preplanned it and caused it to happen, and so nothing different could have happened. But I think there are plenty of verses that challenge that idea, that show it can’t be true:

      1. In 1 Samuel 23:12-13, David asks the Lord if the people of the town, Keilah, will hand him over to Saul, who is pursuing him to kill him. And God says that if he stays in that town, they will hand him over to Saul. Armed with this foreknowledge of what will happen, David leaves. So this thing that God foreknew would happen – that the townspeople would hand David over to Saul – never happened.

      But if foreknowing means “predetermining” and if predetermining means that it’s destined to happen, then how could God foreknow/predetermine something that didn’t happen? And did God foreknow/predetermine both that David would be handed over to Saul (what God said would happen) and that David wasn’t handed over to Saul (what actually happened)? And if God really predetermined that David would leave and not be handed over, then how could God say that something different would have happened? Is God lying, or does Calvinism understand it wrong?

      2. In 1 Samuel 13:13, Samuel tells Saul that if Saul had kept God’s commands, then God would have established Saul’s kingdom permanently. If Calvinism is true that God preplans/causes all that happens, then He preplanned/caused that Saul would disobey and lose the kingdom (because that’s what happened) and so it would be a lie to say that something different could have, would have, happened, that there was an alternative path that hinged on Saul’s choice. So was Samuel and God lying? Or is Calvinism not true?

      [Calvinists might just answer that God had two decrees (two Wills): one Will was that Saul obeyed and got the kingdom, but the other was that Saul disobeyed and lost the kingdom. So in Calvinism, God decreed that His decrees don’t happen. He decreed that Saul disobeyed His decree. This is how Calvinists deal with Bible verses like this. Very Alice-in-Wonderlandy! Very nonsensical! Can they not see how messed-up this is, and what it does to God’s character and Word? Can they not see how untrustworthy it makes Him when they present a God who says things He doesn’t mean and means things He doesn’t say, when He commands things He doesn’t really want and causes people to break His commands, etc.? And then which decree is His real decree: the spoken one (the thing He says) or the hidden one (the opposite thing He causes)? And how then can we trust any decree (command) God gives us if He might really want us to do the opposite? And why should we put any effort into obeying His decrees if He’s just gonna cause us to do whatever He wants anyway, even causing us to do the opposite of what He said He wanted us to do? Calvinism destroys God’s character, His Word, His trustworthiness. And if you don’t have a trustworthy God, you don’t have a God worth worshipping, worth loving! How can Calvinists not see this!?!]

      3. In Hosea 8:4, God says, “They set up kings without my consent; they choose princes without my approval.” If God foreknew/predetermined that these people would be kings, then He’s lying when He says He didn’t set it up.

      4. In Jeremiah 19:5, God says, “They have built the high places to Baal to burn their sons in the fire as offerings to Baal – something I did not command or mention, nor did it enter my mind.” If God foreknew/predetermined that these people sacrificed their children, then He’s lying when He says He didn’t have anything to do with it.

      5. Isaiah 30:1: “Woe to the obstinate children,” declares the Lord, “to those who carry out plans that are not mine…” If He foreknew/predetermined what the “obstinate children” did, then He’s lying when He says the plans weren’t His.

      6. Acts 14:16: “In the past, he [God] let nations go their own way.” What does “going their own way” mean if God really predetermined what they did? If every way is God’s way, then there would be no “going their own way.”

      7. 1 Kings 20:42 says, “He said to the king, ‘This is what the Lord says: ‘You have set free a man I had determined should die.”” If everything that happens is because God foreknew/predetermined it, then how could God determine something that didn’t happen? What kind of God predetermines that people don’t do what He predetermined? Does this make any sense? How “sovereign” can [Calvinism’s] God be if the thing He predetermined to happen didn’t happen? And then which one was His true Will: kill the man or don’t kill the man? If it’s “kill the man,” then He caused the people to not do His Will (He willed that His Will didn’t get done). But if it’s “don’t kill the man,” then He gave a command at first to put the man to death that He didn’t really mean. Either way, it makes Him untrustworthy and double-minded, working against Himself and His own decrees/plans.

      8. Exodus 13:17: “When Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them on the road through the Philistine country. For God said ‘If they face war, they might change their minds and return to Egypt.” I probably don’t even have to spell it out by this point, but… if foreknowing means predetermining, then the fact that God foreknew the people would turn back means He predetermined the people would turn back, which means that the people would have had to turn back. But they didn’t. What God foreknew didn’t happen, contradicting the Calvinist idea that foreknowing means predetermining and that everything that happens was preplanned by God.

      I think these kinds of passages show that God gives us the real right to make real choices among real options. He doesn’t preplan/lock-in/cause our decisions. He just foreknows where all choices/options will lead and how to use each one for His plans, but He leaves it up to us to decide which path we take. Of course, He’s willing to guide us and give us wisdom and help us on the journey, which is why it’s so important to pray and seek Him and His guidance and His Will – because it doesn’t just happen automatically as though it’s been preplanned by Him. What we decide – whether or not we choose to pray and obey – really does make a difference, and it’s our choice to make.

      I could understand Calvinists writing off one of these Bible passages that contradict Calvinism, but there are many of them all throughout the Bible, making it a lot harder to ignore it or explain it all away. Of course, if a Calvinist doesn’t want to see how Scripture contradicts their Calvinism, they’ll never see it no matter what we say or how many examples we show them from Scripture.

      And Jeff, you said: “I just hope and pray that when we Christians ultimately pass away and go to Heaven that God Reveals to us All the Secrets of the Universe, Science, History, Physics, Philosophy, Reality, etc. and the Perfect Correct Theology, Doctrine & Interpretation of Scripture, the Bible as only He would Know.”

      I think that’s what we’ll spend eternity doing, enjoying learning more and more about God and His creation. 🙂

      1. Heather
        I believe God gave us the right and responsibility to make free-will choices
        The interesting that about that – is that when the Calvinist insists that he is granted the ability to make a choice – he is at that point rejecting his own doctrine.
        The doctrine of decrees stipulates that *NOTHING* within creation is granted existence outside of that which is decreed. And an infallible decree does not permit ALTERNATIVES from that which it decrees.
        There is no such thing as an ALTERNATIVE from that which is infallibly decreed.
        Therefore ALTERNATIVES are not granted existence within creation.
        And that which does not exist within creation – is not available for a Calvinist to choose.
        In Calvinism – for every human event – and every human impulse – there is never granted more than *ONE SINGLE PREDESTINED RENDERED-CERTAIN OPTION* And the creature is granted NO CHOICE in the matter of what that option will be – and no ability to refrain.
        Thus – the Calvinist is not granted choice in the matter of anything – simply because ALTERNATIVES do not exist for him to choose between.
        So when a Calvinist insists he is granted the function of choice he is refusing to conform to his own doctrine.

      2. Br.d.: “So when a Calvinist insists he is granted the function of choice he is refusing to conform to his own doctrine.”

        Yeah. The Calvinist wants to SOUND like he’s saying we make real choices, when all he means is that we make the choices that God predestined/causes us to make, and we had no ability/option to choose anything else.

        But anyone who’s using their brains to think critically will recognize that not having options to choose from – that being only able to choose the one thing God predestined/causes you to do – is not really a choice at all. Like you say, their language is designed to hide what they really believe.

        I think they use this “free-will” sounding language to ensnare naive, trusting people and reel them slowly into Calvinism. They know that if they came out and said what they really believe, it would scare people off. It’s all about the subtleties, the word games, the timing.

      3. Heather
        Their language is designed to hide what they really believe.
        I think they use this “free-will” sounding language to ensnare naive, trusting people and reel them slowly into Calvinism.
        You are very insightful!
        There is language which is consistent with Determinism.
        And there is language which is inconsistent with Determinism.
        And the Calvinist flips back and forth in between those two languages.
        He will move towards Determinism – and then find himself saying something which even he cannot swallow.
        When that happens – he will instantly flip in the reverse direction.
        He is constantly doing a DOUBLE-SPEAK TAP-DANCE routine between those two languages because the camel of Determinism is bigger than he can swallow. :-]

      4. Br.d.: “He is constantly doing a DOUBLE-SPEAK TAP-DANCE”

        Well said! I like the word picture. 🙂

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